Digital manufacturing is the next wave of business globalisation, which, post-pandemic is not just blind automation to save costs but the smart use of digital tools to modernise industry and create good quality jobs. Digital manufacturing is the next leap for India’s tech leadership - the first being the software outsourcing movement in the 1990s. This time around, government incentives are aligning with industry interests. It offers India a chance to reposition itself globally, and play a leadership role.
Fellow, Indian Navy Studies Programme
Cdr Amrut Godbole, a senior serving naval officer, is currently Gateway House Fellow, Indian Navy Studies Programme. A mechanical engineer by profession for the last 20 years, he has served on a variety of war ships as Engineer Officer, looking after the operation and maintenance of propulsion (gas turbine engines), power generation and auxiliary systems. Six years into his naval career, Cdr Godbole did his master’s in marine engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay (2008). He was soon after appointed to the Navy’s premier technical training institute, INS Shivaji, Lonavla, as senior instructor of the gas turbine division where he guided the project for the development of controllers for gas turbine generators. He was also associated with the operational audit of warships and the training of their staff at the Sea Training Division, Mumbai. He has also been Manager (Quality Assurance) at the Gas Turbine Repair and Overhaul Facility of the Navy in Visakhapatnam. He is an alumnus of the Naval College of Engineering, INS Shivaji, Lonavla. His areas of interest include: technology absorption and adaptation techniques, disruptive technology, and geopolitics.
Areas of expertise: Operation and maintenance of marine gas turbines; design review of propulsion and systems in ship-building; marine engineering.
Last modified: September 27, 2021
Tata Steel is one of the few global companies on the prestigious Global Lighthouse Network for its advanced digital manufacturing systems - and it was the first Indian company on the list. The vision of a digitally integrated manufacturing facility was introduced when the Tata Steel Kalinganagar plant (TSK) was conceptualized in 2006. The subsequent implementation and continuous upgrade of the facility has made it a global benchmark. This case study on TSK's journey can guide other companies to overcome challenges in upgrading systems, using artificial intelligence and big data analytics to increase efficiency and drive innovation.
COVID-19 has forced India and its manufacturers to quickly step up their adoption of digital manufacturing processes. There are four elements of this ecosystem already in place – the digital infrastructure, government schemes, academic learning, and a burst of start-ups. This, supported by key policy decisions by the Indian government, will propel Indian manufacturing to higher levels of efficiency, productivity, and competitiveness.
The world is experiencing two simultaneous transformations: a decoupling from China and the building of an alternate supply chain, and the creation of new, cutting-edge industrial process called digital manufacturing. It is part of the larger wave of Industry 4.0, an integration of industrial processes with the Internet of Things. India already has some of the key elements in place, and some successes to build on.
The Indian Navy needs to develop and assimilate new Artificial Intelligence (AI) technologies that are being used by the Indian military and industry. The Navy's goals of transforming into a 200-ship force and maintaining optimal combat capability, are being put to test by diminishing capital and manpower shortages. It needs to leverage the benefits of AI and Machine Learning (ML) to improve organisational efficiencies at various levels. This paper focuses on four Use Cases, viz., Inventory Management, Training, Prescriptive Maintenance, and Security & Surveillance, for implementation in the Indian Navy.
The post-COVID19 environment may entail austerity measures for the armed forces. India’s most technology-savvy force, the Indian Navy, can lead a transformation by accelerating Artificial Intelligence applications, and keeping budgets tight through collaborations with industry.
Indigenous development of key Information Communication Technology (ICT) infrastructure is critical to scaling up the use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) within the armed forces. Home-grown cloud technology, like National Cloud Meghraj, can help in this transformation while also meeting India’s cyber-physical security demands for data exchange and data localisation
The pandemic has highlighted the positive role of 3D-printing technology. Identifying this potential, and seeking to insert India into the new global value chains, the Ministry of Electronics, IT & Technology has announced a National Strategy for Additive Manufacturing. It will address the lacunae in the country's additive manufacturing ecosystem, including physical hardware like printers, software, materials and service providers.
Oil prices, arms exports and conflict are inter related especially when it comes to the U.S. Its arms industry grows when high prices and conflicts coincide. This has kept West Asia on a perennial geopolitical boil. This infographic charts the highs and lows of U.S. arms sales, especially in the light of conflicts centred around West Asia
India and France have converging interests in the Indo-Pacific – diplomatic, strategic and economic. The 4th Indo-French Maritime Security Dialogue, being held in New Delhi (December 9-10), is an example of major bilateral cooperation. By working together, the two countries can be the model for fostering a rules-based, free, open and inclusive region