Wednesday, 8 February 2023

The G20 is the premier multilateral platform for global economic and financial issues. It has a rotating presidency, and this year, Argentina is the president of the G20. In that role, it is hosting a number of meetings with government officials (G20), business leaders (B20) and experts from think tanks (T20).

The T20 is an official sub-forum of the G20 process, responsible for contributing ideas and research to the G20 on global economic issues.

Think-20 (T20) was first initiated by the Mexican presidency in 2012 and has been continued by subsequent G20 presidencies. It serves as an “ideas bank” for the G20 by organizing the analysis of global think tanks and high-level experts on relevant international economic issues. Think-20 recommendations are synthesized into policy briefs and presented to G20 working groups, ministerial committees and leaders summits to help the G20 deliver concrete policy measures.

The Center of Implementation of Public Policy for Equality and Growth (CIPPEC) and Argentine Council for International Relations (CARI) have been appointed by the Argentine government as coordinators for the think tank activities for the year. The institutes will first host an Inception Workshop to kick of the T20 vision and strategy on February 1-2, 2018 in Buenos Aires, followed by several other international meetings, before eventually hosting the T20 Summit in Buenos Aires on September 16-18, 2018.

Gateway House has hosted T20 meetings during the 2017 German presidency, the 2016 Chinese presidency, and the 2015 Turkish presidency of the G20. These meetings brought together experts from think tanks working international economic governance and foreign economic policy issues, business leaders and relevant government officials from India and the G20 countries to Mumbai. For Gateway House, the meetings were the outcome of an institutional focus on geoeconomics as well as on-going research on international economic relations and global financial architecture.

At G20 2018, Argentina has announced several regional and international priorities that will guide its efforts, these include the Future of Work, Infrastructure for Development and A Sustainable Food Future. This meeting in Mumbai is an important indicator of the intellectual partnership and shared research objectives between Argentine and Indian think tanks, while presenting an opportunity to bring up new ideas and deliver concrete policy suggestions that can help Argentina achieve its vision for G20 in 2018.

12 March, 2018 | Monday

8.30 am – 9.30 am: Opening Session
Topic: Argentina, India and the G20

Objective: Discuss Argentina’s priorities for G20 and T20 in 2017 and India’s contributions to the process.

Special Address by Ambassador Pedro Villagra Delgado, G20 Sherpa, Government of Argentina
Keynote Address by Shaktikanta Das, G20 Sherpa and Member 15th Finance Commission, Government of India

9.45 am – 11.00 am: Roundtable 1
Topic: Food Security and Agri-business

Objective: To develop recommendations for promoting agri-business that can ensure food security and higher agriculture incomes for farmers.

11.15 am – 12.30 pm: Roundtable 2
Topic: The Future of Work

Objective: To develop recommendations for designing social security products and employment contracts for the informal and gig economy

12.30 pm – 1.30 pm – Lunch Break

1.30 pm – 2.45 pm: Roundtable 3
Topic: Trade in Services

Objective: To develop recommendations for designing a new multilateral agreement for trade in services

3.00 pm – 4.15 pm: Roundtable 4
Topic: Financial Markets Regulations

Objective: To develop recommendations for establishing a transparent, equitable and resilient financial market infrastructure

4.15 pm – 4.35 pm: Closing Session


Abstract: The cross-border flow of payments, remittances, aid and investments is integral for globalisation. Ensuring transparency in such cross-border financial transactions is critical for the stability of the global financial system. A key goal for policy-makers has been the necessity to identify beneficial ownership in multi-country financial transactions to protect against money laundering, terrorist financing and tax evasion, which have besieged developed and developing countries alike. Existing global efforts on tracing Beneficial Ownership are insufficient since verification is limited to self-disclosures and by national regulations. What is needed is a global framework to enable data exchange, cross-referencing, tracing and analysis of data on crossborder financial transactions.

You can download the PDF version of  ‘A global framework for tracing Beneficial Ownership ‘ on the T20 Argentina 2018 website.

K.N. Vaidyanathan is Advisor and Adjunct Senior Fellow, Geoeconomic Studies, Gateway House. 

Akshay Mathur is Director of Research and Fellow, Geoeconomic Studies, Gateway House.

Purvaja Modak is Researcher, Geoeconomic Studies and Assistant Manager, Research Office at Gateway House.

Learn more about the G20

Argentina assumed its G20 Presidency on 1 December 2017. Two think tanks (CIPPEC and CARI) will lead the T20 outreach group in 2018.

T20 will hold debates and discussions supporting the Argentina G20 priorities of ‘The future of work’, ‘Infrastructure for development’, and ‘A sustainable food future’, providing related policy suggestions to the G20 to help and ensure that the 2018 G20 Buenos Aires Summit delivers on its developing policy measures and G20 growth agenda.

Learn more about Argentina’s T20

2018 T20 Chairs

Center of Implementation of Public Policy for Equality and Growth / Centro de Implementación de Políticas Públicas para la Equidad y el Crecimiento (CIPPEC)

CIPPEC is an independent nonprofit organization that works on better building public policies. They promote policies that will make Argentina a more developed, and equal society with equitable opportunities and efficient public institutions. They work towards a fair, democratic and inclusive society in Argentina, where all citizens have the possibility to grow.

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Argentine Council for International Relations / El Consejo Argentino para las Relaciones Internacionales (CARI)

The Argentine Council for International Relations is a private, non-profit academic institution created on June 15, 1978 to stimulate the study and debate of international problems from a national perspective, analyze the political, economic, cultural and social aspects of international relations and offering its rostrum to representative figures, from the country and abroad, with the ultimate goal of consolidating peace and the development of peoples through a closer relationship and greater reciprocal knowledge.

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The third Think20 (T20) Mumbai meeting took the forward the core vision of “Resilience, Sustainability and Responsibility” and successfully brought together think tank experts from Turkey, China, Germany, India and Argentina, business leaders from India and diplomatic representatives from the G20 countries to discuss issues concerning the G20. These included, Global financial markets and regulation, Digital economy, Green Economy, and Trade and investment.

Yonov Frederick Agah, Deputy Director General, World Trade Organisation delivered the Keynote Address at the conference


Akshay Mathur, Director of Research and Analysis, Gateway House, wrote a summary of the T20 Mumbai meeting which was originally published on the official G20 blog. Read the summary here.

2016’s Think20 (T20) Mumbai meeting took the topic of “Global Economic Governance″ and successfully brought together think tank experts from Turkey, China, India and Germany, business leaders from India and diplomatic representatives from the G20 countries to discuss issues concerning the G20.

Dr. Arvind Panagariya, Vice-Chairman of the NITI Aayog, delivered the keynote address during the keynote session.

In his speech, he comments on the significance of China’s G20 Presidency for 2016, discusses India’s role in the G20, and recalls some of the most challenging negotiations he was part of as G20 Sherpa. Full transcript

India’s first Think20 (T20) regional consultation on “Turkey, India and the G20″ brought together think tank experts from Turkey, China, India and Australia, business leaders from India and diplomatic representatives from the G20 countries to discuss issues concerning the G20.

Dr. Raghuram Rajan, Governor, Reserve Bank of India, delivered the keynote address at India’s first Think20 (T20) meeting organised by Gateway House with TEPAV, on the “Global Economy and Challenges for Multilateral Policies.”

In his 36-minute speech, he urged emerging markets like India to develop their own capacity to provide new ideas to the global financial system, “hold the pen” that will write a more inclusive agenda, and strengthen global multilateral institutions. Full transcript

Takeaways from the T20

We present an overview of these discussions, arranged in three categories for each session: Why is the issue important for the G20? What are India’s concerns on the subject? What were the key issues discussed at this meeting? Read the full report

About G20

G20, or Group of 20, was initiated in 1999 and consists of Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Republic of Korea, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United States and the European Union (EU).

Before the outbreak of global financial crisis in 2008, G20 meetings of Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors were held to discuss international financial and monetary policies, reform of international financial institutions and world economic development. The first G20 Leaders’ Summit was held in 2008. The 13th G20 Leaders’ Summit will be held on 30 November-1 December, 2018, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Groups like the T20 will prepare policy recommendations for the G20 Summit over the course of the year.

G20 India Secretariat

The Government of India plays a very active role in the G20. The G20 India Secretariat has been placed within the Multilateral Relations Division, Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance.

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 Useful links

All the information regarding the G20, international organisations and their role in the G20, recent reports, G20 Finance Ministries.

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T20 Mumbai is a closed-door, roundtable, track 1.5 discussion, invite-only conference.

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