The services sector is the most dynamic in the global economy, constituting nearly 25% of global trade, but its intangibility – unlike the materiality of trade in goods – makes it difficult to monitor. Service providers in this sector need a national regulatory governing framework
Researcher, Geoeconomic Studies Programme and Manager, Research Office, Gateway House
Purvaja Modak is a Researcher for Geoeconomic Studies Programme and Manager for the Research Office at Gateway House. She was a fellow at the 2nd G20 Global Leadership Programme 2019, hosted by the Korean Development Institute (KDI) and the Korean Ministry of Strategy and Finance. She holds a Masters degree in Economics (MA) from the University of Mumbai with a focus on international trade, finance and regional monetary arrangements. She finished her Bachelors in Economics (BA) from Jai Hind College. Purvaja has previously held Research Assistant and Research Associate positions in her academic departments at both Bachelors and Masters levels. She has also interned at Reliable Investments, an exclusive franchisee of Motilal Oswal Securities Ltd.
Global governance, G20 and other multilaterals, International finance and trade.
Last modified: January 16, 2020
There have been mixed reactions to India’s not signing on to the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership. India is often criticised for abstaining from trade agreements and being a protectionist nation, but in fact, the reverse is true. The country’s trade to GDP ratio of 43% is higher than China’s 38% and the U.S.’ 27%. This shows how important trade is for India, particularly if it wants to reach the 2024 goal of being a $5- trillion economy.
The Demilitarised Zone (DMZ) is a 250-km-long militarised border that divides the Korean peninsula roughly into half. It is one of the most heavily guarded borders in the world. The author, who had a unique opportunity to visit the DMZ, narrates her experience
The re-election of the Bharatiya Janata Party to Parliament means that India’s infrastructure buildout will continue apace. This will be a heavy load on the environment. It will also have to abide by Prime Minister Modi’s commitment to the successful implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030. This offers an opportunity for the government to think innovatively about measures for sustainable development, particularly in pricing nature
In a policy brief for Japan's G20 Presidency in 2019, Purvaja Modak, Akshay Mathur and K.N. Vaidyanathan discuss the need to encourage the development and adoption of processes and methods that can quantify the costs of using natural resources
After the Pulwama attack of 14 February 2019, Pakistan has come under the international scanner for its support and financing of terrorist groups. At a meeting of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) in Paris last week, it was pulled up for its inability to choke terrorist financing. This primer illustrates the role of the FATF in tackling terrorist financing and money-laundering, and studies its recent review of Pakistan
The Think20 Inception conference, held in Tokyo on December 4-5, 2018, kicked off the research process for 2019 for the leading think tanks from G20 countries that work on issues of global economic governance. The author participated in the conference as an observer.
Ten years after the global financial crisis, some reform has come about. To further transparency, the Legal Entity Identifier (LEI), proposed by the G20, is a code used to identify the parties that participate in financial transactions around the world. While its benefits and applications are abundant and will reduce systemic vulnerability, its global implementation is complex and slow. This primer shows why – and also why the LEI should be urgently and widely adopted
In a policy brief for Argentina's G20 Presidency in 2018, K.N. Vaidyanathan, Akshay Mathur and Purvaja Modak discuss the challenge and propose policy recommendations for transparency in cross-border financial transactions
Once a laggard, Argentina is now a rising star in South America. Its economy is recovering, GDP growth is stable and financial reforms have taken hold. In 2018, it will host the presidency of the G20, its first step onto the global stage after over a decade in isolation. With Argentina’s G20 agenda fully aligned with India’s priorities, how can India gain?