To be self-reliant in defense manufacturing and produce the appropriate technology, India must focus on long-term R&D-oriented planning. Recent government initiatives like Make in India and Aatmanirbhar Bharat are bringing the necessary change.
The German civil security industry is in the throes of change: it was once an avenue of employment for the less educated or the jobless. Today, companies are increasingly selling comprehensive security solutions. India will gain by being prepared for such trends and technological innovations
‘Make in India’ in defence production does not imply stopping arms imports altogether. Rather, it means importing only those components that cannot be produced locally, while strategically utilising offsets and building domestic capabilities that will enable India to export complete systems and sub-systems as an active participant of the global supply chain.