Ganeshan Wignaraja

Dr. Ganeshan Wignaraja

Professorial Fellow in Economics and Trade

Dr. Ganeshan Wignaraja is Professorial Fellow in Economics and Trade at Gateway House and Senior Research Associate at ODI Global in London. He holds visiting appointments at the National University of Singapore and RIS in New Delhi.

He is a member of the Central Bank of Sri Lanka’s Stakeholder Engagement Committee on monetary policy and financial stability matters. Previously, he served on the WTO Director-General’s Task Force on Aid for Trade during the WTO Doha Round and the Sri Lankan Prime Minister’s Task Force on the Indian Ocean.

In a career spanning over 30 years in the UK and Asia, he has held senior roles in international organizations (including the Director of Research at the Asian Development Bank Institute in Tokyo, Chief Programme Officer at the Commonwealth Secretariat in London and a Visiting Scholar at the IMF in Washington DC), government (including Executive Director of the Sri Lankan Foreign Ministry’s think tank), and the private sector (including Global Head of Trade and Competitiveness at Maxwell Stamp PLC in London). He also worked at the Institute of Economics and Statistics at Oxford University and the OECD in Paris.

Dr. Wignaraja has published extensively on macroeconomics, international trade, regional economic integration and economic development. He has successfully led teams to deliver complex projects for aid agencies and governments in over 30 countries in Asia, Africa, Europe and Latin America.

He has a DPhil in economics from Oxford University and a BSc in economics from the London School of Economics.


Macroeconomic Outlook of the World Economy and Asia, Global Supply Chains and Free Trade Agreements, International Financial Architecture and Foreign Aid.

Last modified: March 10, 2023

Recent projects

india-uk-istock-1152442-1665421302 Courtesy: Deccan Herald
2 March 2023 ODI

UK-India FTA Negotiations: Contentious Issues, Potential Solutions

The eighth round of talks for the proposed India-UK free trade agreement is scheduled in New Delhi in March 2023. Both countries stand to make significant gains from a comprehensive agreement covering tariffs, sustainable growth, SMEs, data flows, and intellectual property. This article reviews motives for the India-UK agreement, the economic gains, contentious negotiation issues and win-win solutions.
indian port Courtesy: Reuters
9 February 2023 The Hindu

Trading more within Asia makes economic sense

The International Monetary Fund’s recent warning of a slowing global trade comes as a sign for South Asia to reassess its regional trade within the continent. India, in its year of G20 Presidency and as South Asia’s largest economy, can use its platform to lead the way via dialogue, capacity building, and regulatory policies to encourage open regionalism in Asia.

pic for website Courtesy: IMF
19 January 2023 IMF

Trade Integration: South Asia and East Asia

Since the 1990s, South Asia–East Asia trade and free trade agreements have accelerated as India’s trade realigned toward East Asia. As regional trade recovers after the COVID-19 pandemic, South Asian economies have opportunities to participate in global value chains and services trade. BIMSTEC may catalyze more effective regional cooperation for small and large economies alike.

FTA India Courtesy: Economic Times
21 September 2022 Daily FT

Gains from India’s new FTAs

India is stepping into a new era of free trade agreements in the midst of turbulent global waters that bring both risks and opportunities. A fragile global recovery can dampen demand for India’s goods, but it can also attract medium and high-tech manufacturing sectors leaving China, benefit from technology and skill transfer from abroad and lay a strong foundation for growth.

RW Courtesy: zeenews
21 July 2022 The Indian Express

The reforms Sri Lanka needs

Sri Lanka's crippled economy requires immediate and robust reforms. India faced similar adversity when PV Narasimha Rao pulled the country out of the economic crisis in 1991. Will new president Ranil Wickremesinghe follow the example of India's 1991 reforms to save his country and economy?
SL Courtesy: AP
14 July 2022 Gateway House

Awaiting Sri Lanka’s Narasimha Rao

Sri Lanka is experiencing an economic, political and strategic crisis it has never had before. The situation is fragile – but a creative solution and determined national interest can help return the island nation to stability and growth. Amb. Rajiv Bhatia, in conversation with economist Dr Ganeshan Wignaraja on how Sri Lanka came to the current condition, and the remedies to adopt.