Tapi would also require India to cooperate closely with Pakistan. “While the trend of India-Pakistan relations is positive, the quality remains brittle,” says Neelam Deo, a former Indian ambassador and now director of Mumbai think tank Gateway House (EC Apr.13’12). To add complexity, India and Pakistan are strategic competitors
in Afghanistan, jockeying for influence and natural resources. But Kabul could be in a position to help Islamabad and New Delhi find ways to cooperate. “Afghanistan could itself be the catalyst for reducing competition between India and Pakistan,” Deo says.